About Vampires



Real Vampires
by Inanna Arthen -

"Real Vampires" - how can this be anything but a contradiction in terms? We all know about vampires. Stock characters of fiction, guaranteed box-office draws, the media vampire has been familiar to us since childhood. Generally speaking, our blood-suckers appear with a tongue planted firmly in one toothy cheek-from Bela Lugosi hamming it up in the 1950's, to last summer's teenage "vamp" movies, to Count Chocula breakfast cereal, the media seldom treat the vampire as truly fearsome. The stereotyped vampire traits are familiar to any child: vampires have big fangs, sleep in coffins, are instantly incinerated by sunlight, and are best dispatched by a stake through the heart. But the most important "fact" that we all know of course is that there are no such things.

Of course, in terms of the mythical, literary and cinematic conventions, we are correct: there are no "legions of the undead" stalking the unwary. We have explained the folklore with politics, misunderstood diseases, and hysteria, the literary and cinematic images with psychology, history, and sociology. We of the 20th century are confident that vampires could not really exist. But then, most of us are never forced to think otherwise. For a number of people, the concept of vampires becomes a critical and often lifelong concern. To live with, love, or befriend a real vampire is to encounter a set of problems which may demand expanding the boundaries of one's accepted reality. To come to terms with being a real vampire oneself is to face a lifetime's karmic challenge.


Some people reading this article already know this. The rest are probably thinking, "Real Vampires, give me a break! Sure, there are some pretty weird people out there, but all they need is a good therapist." Yes, there are people who take on all the trappings of a gothic novel: dressing in black, claiming or pretending to be "vampires" in the supernatural sense, wearing capes, sleeping in boxes, even getting their teeth capped. There are more frightening people who seek to torture or kill animals or human beings in order to gain power, emotional release or sexual thrill, and who sometimes call themselves (or are called) "vampires". But most of these individuals are troubled people who have been attracted by the cultural myths about the vampire: supernatural powers (because they feel powerless), overwhelming sexuality (because most of them have sexual issues and no true relationships), immortality (because they fear aging and death). Individuals like these are the most recent "explanation" for humanity's persistent belief in vampires. But beyond and behind all the folklore, the psychological theories, the role playing, even the traditional spiritual assumptions, lies the real truth about vampires.

The field of vampirology is complex and mysterious. There are many aspects to the vampire phenomenon, and they would require several books to fully explore. One aspect of vampirism which frequently troubles magickal, spiritual and other small groups, the most common form of vampire, is found among living people who share with us the benefits and disadvantages of physical existence on this plane, yet are not quite human. These people appear on the surface to be somewhat eccentric members of society, yet their outward idiosyncrasies only hint at how different they are from those around them.

Each of us incarnates for a lifetime with a certain way of relating to the physical world through the vehicle of our physical body. A vampire is a person born with an extraordinary capacity to absorb, channel, transform, and manipulate "pranic energy" or life force. She also has a critical energy imbalance which reels wildly from deficit to overload and back again. This capacity for handling energy is a gift, but the constant imbalance of her own system is the cause of the negative behavior patterns and characteristics which may be notable about a vampiric person.


Real vampires do not necessarily drink blood-in fact, most of them do not. Blood-drinking and vampirism have been confused to the extent that for the average person, a vampire is defined as something that drinks blood (such as a "vampire bat"). But when we look beyond casual assumptions to the details of common beliefs, we find something quite different. Throughout both folklore and literature, there is an understanding that vampires require energy or life force. Many old folktales accept that vampires suck blood, yet never describe this actually happening. The victims slowly decline and waste away, and the survivors assume that some evil fiend is draining them of blood. They know that the Bible says, "the blood is the life", and anyone who was losing their life force must be losing blood. Yet, in many instances the vampire's "attack" does not even involve physical contact. In others, it is clearly sexual energy which is exchanged.1

Fresh blood is the highest known source of pranic energy (life force).2 Human beings have practiced blood-drinking for many reasons throughout history, but drinking blood alone does not indicate that a person is a vampire. Only real vampires can directly absorb the pranic energy in fresh blood, and for this reason some real vampires are attracted to blood and find different means of obtaining it.3 However, it is a rare vampire who cannot absorb energy in much more subtle ways. This is the mechanism that causes real vampires to inflict harm on others and themselves if they fail to recognize what is happening and do conscious work on transforming their inner natures. Vampires are no more likely to be either malicious or spiritually aware than the general population, but without awareness, they can spend their lives making themselves and others unhappy, and will continue to incarnate in this pattern until they take action to change it.

There are a number of external symptoms of vampirism, but it is important to realize that some of them are found in ordinary human behavior. Real vampires are identifiable partly because they have a majority of the symptoms, not just one or two. But more significantly, real vampires are distinguished by a certain quality to the energy. While anyone reading a description of the symptoms and behavior patterns might find a few that apply to people he knows, or even to himself, real vampires have a way of standing out vividly to everyone who interacts with them. There are few people who do not know at least one vampire.

Physically, vampires are usually "night people" on a biochemical level. They have inverted circadian rhythms, with body cycles such as temperature peaks, menstrual onset, and the production of sleep hormones in the brain occurring at the opposite time of day from most people. They have difficulty adjusting to daytime schedules and frequently work nights. They tend to be photosensitive, avoiding sunlight, sunburning easily, and having excellent night vision. Their vitality ranges widely, and they can be vigorous and active one day, depressed and languorous the next.

They frequently have digestive trouble. Even those with cast-iron stomachs have many issues with food that are rooted in their constant hunger for energy. Contrary to the image of the vampire as thin, many real vampires are troubled by obesity because of a hunger that makes them food addicts, and a system that is sluggish in processing physical food. They are also sometimes troubled by other substance addictions for the same reasons, but since their systems are tuned to pranic energy more than to processing physical substance, they may not be as sensitive to drugs and alcohol as an ordinary person would be.

Emotionally and physically, vampires are unpredictable, moody, temperamental and overwhelming. The major distinguishing characteristic of real vampires as opposed to ordinary people who share those qualities is the vampire's intensity. Vampires are extremely intense people. They are frequently given nicknames such as "the black hole." When others talk about them (usually to complain about them), vampires are often described by such terms as "needy," "attention-seeking," "grandstanding," "manipulative," "exhausting," "draining," "monopolizes the conversation," "jealous," "huge ego," and so on. A vampire's emotions are deep, fervent, and powerful, and she usually displays great psychic ability and has uncontrolled magickal and psychic experiences. Vampires are also empaths, and while they remain unconscious of their natures, they are frequently "psychic sponges" who simply absorb vibrations from everywhere, with the expected emotional instability resulting.

A "hungry" vampire -- one whose energy level is imbalanced to the deficit side -- becomes an involuntary psychic vortex, drawing all pranic energy in the area towards her. When the energy does not flow in fast enough -- and it is typical of vampires that the energy never flows fast enough for them -- she will begin manifesting behavior patterns to increase the amount of conscious attention she gets from others. For this reason, some vampires develop a pattern of being aggressively confrontational, or of constantly antagonizing people with whom they have relationships. Nearly all vampires, whatever ploys they use, have a talent for attracting (or distracting) the attention of everyone present.

Once a vampire overloads on energy, she reverses her behavior patterns. She may become morose, silent, withdrawn and introverted. Some vampires become maniacally cheerful when they are satiated, but even their good moods seem to annoy others, and it is more typical for vampires to be infamous as wet blankets. "Hungry" and "overload" phases can occur within a few minutes or last for days at a time. Vampires are commonly loners, in part because they feel so different from those around them, but also because they have a need to control the degree of contact they have with sources of energy.


Real vampires are not the demonic fiends of Christianized folklore, but as long as they refuse to accept their inner nature, their bad reputation is not undeserved. Unconscious vampires have a tendency to reach adulthood with less than the average level of social skill and general finesse, and tend to be selfish and self-centered. The demands of their own energy systems are so distracting to them that it is difficult for them to pay attention to the needs of others. Their relationships tend to be disasters. Different vampires develop different patterns according to what works best for them in their life situation, but several patterns are common. The "femme fatale" or "lady-killer" vampire forms a continuous series of sexual connections with one partner at a time, dropping each unfortunate lover as they become too exhausted (or defensive) to support the vampire's energy needs. Other vampires form a long-term relationship with a single person: either another vampire whose energy cycle complements their own, or a person who derives satisfaction from being a psychic servant or martyr. A common pattern, especially in young adults, is to continuously join social, religious, political and magickal groups and either blow them apart or end up being thrown out. Vampires may go through roommates, housing situations, magickal groups, jobs and lovers like so much Kleenex.

Many people find that they feel "creepy" or "weird" around a vampire. This is usually due to the effects of one's own life force being drawn towards the vampire's vortex. Most people feel uncomfortable and distracted when their energy is pulled away from themselves. In addition to this, a common result of such an energy drain is for the aura to pull in tightly towards the body, and this causes a prickling sensation on the skin -- the "creepy-crawlies."

It is no more common for vampires to be psychopaths or killers than it is for any random person on the street. However, a prolonged, or very involved, relationship with a vampire can put a severe strain on the emotional and psychic energy systems of an ordinary person. Folklore suggests that victims of a vampire become vampires themselves. In reality, people who have been seriously "drained" -- that is, have had their own energy pulled off balance into a deficit -- also become psychic vortices which pull life force away from other living things. However, they are never as powerful as a true vampire, and unlike vampires, quickly recover and stabilize. True vampires are born the way they are -- no one can be "turned into a vampire." However, years of energy depletion can lead to health problems ranging from depression and malaise to a suppressed immune system and susceptibility to serious illnesses. Most people will break off the relationship before it gets that far.

Many vampires are attracted to magickal paths. In a magickal working group, their ability to wreak havoc is increased because of the psychic openness and trust that exist there. But there can be a benefit, as well. Some vampires become aware of their true natures and choose to undertake serious work to transform themselves. As soon as they begin doing so, they become more acceptable working partners and companions. Once in control of their capacity for handling energy, they become extraordinary magicians and healers. Their ability to hold the attention of others gives them the potential to be fine leaders and teachers. Ultimately, the purpose of vampires is not to plague the universe but to facilitate its healing. Vampirism is the dark, or unfocused, side of a certain kind of psychic talent, one which has been developing for many lifetimes. It is destructive only when a vampire either refuses to face the truth about herself and work with her abilities, or when she chooses to play out a sinister role because of the illusion of power it gives her.

Because of this, many of the vampire characteristics described above are far less evident in the most powerful vampires, the ones who have done considerable work on their inner selves. Many of these are poised, pleasant, competent individuals, with great personal power. They have come to terms with who and what they are, and no longer exhibit the negative qualities associated with "psychic vampirism." 4 Unfortunately, unconscious vampires are far more common than evolved ones, and it is these troubled souls who more usually appear in magickal groups.

There is no "generic advice" to give those who believe they may be dealing with a real vampire. Those who are so inclined might try to help a friend or fellow group member explore their inner nature and come to terms with their destructive behaviors. Those who feel victimized can choose to end the relationship. Each case is different, and can only be judged by the individuals concerned. But it is important for anyone involved in magickal or psychic work to understand that vampires are a real phenomenon, and that, like all perils, they should not be greeted with fear or anger. Nothing is evil by nature -- only by choice. Terror of discovery (followed by ridicule or rejection) inhibits the self-development of many real vampires. When they reach out for friendship, they are often reaching out for help.


A person who believes she may be a real vampire herself has a long and difficult process ahead of her. The most important step on her path is complete self-awareness: of her relationships, patterns, energy levels, and all other personal qualities. The most challenging work may often be summarized in the simplest of terms. Knowledge, awareness, and control are the lessons real vampires must learn in order to harness their abilities. If real vampires are not the immortals of fiction, they can at least be confident of one thing: for better or worse, they will keep the qualities they develop for many lives to come.

(The author welcomes inquiries from readers with a personal interest in the subject of vampirism. She is available at Readers wishing for more information about vampire lore in general are referred to the Bibliography.)

  1. For a thorough examination of traditional vampire folklore, see the works of Montague Summers and Anthony Masters.
  2. Other high sources of pranic energy include semen, fresh fruits and vegetables, and the breath of living animals. Meat -- filled with chemicals, long dead, refrigerated, frozen and "aged" (partially decomposed) as it is -- contains almost none. Many real vampires, aside from drinking blood, are vegetarians.
  3. For a somewhat flawed but interesting look at blood-drinking and vampirism, see Stephen Kaplan. Leonard Wolf explores this subject from a more philosophical and personal viewpoint.
  4. This is not to suggest that even evolved vampires are always comfortable to be around. They remain unpredictable, intense, emotional, and altogether overwhelming personalities. Most are remarkable sexually, and all still draw energy, although they can generally control this to some extent. Furthermore, this article is not intended to mislead -- real vampires, even evolved ones, do sometimes drink blood in order to obtain their energy. Those who understand the many ways that life "gives way" to nurture more life will see this as no more unnatural than eating live vegetables or animals for food.


  • Stephen Kaplan,Vampires Are (ETC Publications, 1984)
  • Anthony Masters, The Natural History of the Vampire (Berkley Publishing Corp., 1972)
  • Raymond T. McNally and Radu Florescu, In Search of Dracula (New York Graphic Society, 1972)
  • Montague Summers, The Vampire, His Kith and Kin (University Books, 1960)
  • Montague Summers, The Vampire in Europe (The Aquarian Press Limited, 1980)
  • James B. Twitchell, The Living Dead: A Study of the Vampire in Romantic Literature (Duke University Press, 1981)
  • Leonard Wolf, A Dream of Dracula (Popular Library, 1972)


Vampires: The Real Thing
by Brian H. Chabot

For the past two years or so, I have researched "real" vampires. The method of my research has been observance of and discussion with those people I have met who claim to be real vampires. I decided toheavily research this topic when an acquaintance of mine claimed to actually be a vampire. Since then, I have cultivated this relationship into a close personal friendship. She was my first contact into the world of vampires and has been my best research associate ever since. Special thanks to her and all the other vampires who have been kind enough to talk about this condition.

Now for the nitty-gritty of real vampires as I have observed them. I have been able to classify real vampires into several categories. These are as follows:

Psychic Vampires :

These are people who, for whatever reason, derive nourishment from "feeding" from the "life energy" of people around them. This form of vampirism falls into the category more of meta-physics and the occult than mainstream science. It seems psy-vamps have the ability to draw out the "chi," "manna," or plain energy of their victims. They do not seem to have the craving for blood found in most other forms of vampirism. In advanced cases, the vampire can choose from which victim to draw and even which types of energy to take. The one with whom I have spoken uses this ability to heal others by feeding from the "negative" energy in the victim's aura. From what I have heard from the "victim/patients," she is quite good at what she does. In less developed cases, the psy-vamp might not even know about this condition. Other people around him or her might feel "drained" from the person's presence, and hence the vampire will usually have trouble keeping friends. A good psychic can usually tell if a person is a psy-vamp. There is no known cure, but a psychic vampire can learn to control his/her feeding habits.

"Spirit-Influenced" Vampires :

These are, no doubt the most frustrating cases to study because they differ so widely. In the one case I have been able to study, the vampire was involved in demonology and either erred or made a pact he later regretted. It seems that certain "spirits" or "demons" can give people some of the characteristics of other types of vampires in exchange for partial possession. The new vampire then has certain enhanced abilities and, in exchange, allows the spirit to take over now and then. At first this almost sounds like a form of symbiosis, but the human in the deal soon finds that the spirit usually does things that are morally unacceptable. He seems to be in a constant state of remorse for the things he's done. He wouldn't go into details, but he did hint at murder. Also in this catagory are the vampires who claim to have been changed by a visitation in a dream or by the apparition of a ghostly vampire. Cases in this category are documented in the book _Vampires_Among_Us_ by ???????. I have not personally met any such vampire, but I have met people who were visited but not changed.

"Viral" Vampires :


This is the category where I have had the most expirience. "Viral" vampires are the ones that seem to have the most reason to call themselves vampires. This "virus" is what causes the change to take place. It is passed on through blood, sexual secretions, and occasionally saliva. Transmission is usually deliberate and ritualistic. I have heard of one case where the would-be vampire "got over" the virus, and a few cases where the recievers died during the process. It is unknown if this is an actual virus or if the effects are psychosomatic based on the archetype of the American Vampire. Nonetheless, the effects and changes associated with this type of vampirism are real. The process of change is the traditional exchange of body fluids in a ritual setting. The fledgling commonly expiriences a near-death-experience at some point, sometimes seemingly unrelated to the change into a vampire. Effects of the change include photosensitivity, increased night vision, anemia, dual-personality (one normal personality and another that takes over when the vampire looses it's temper), a blood fetish, a craving for rare red meat, and if the person had any psychic ability, this is increased. Sex drive is first decreased then increased beyond the intensity before the change. Most vampires describe the sensation as like that of being on LSD during a mild trip. From the descriptions, it seems to me to be more akin to the effects of thojune, the halucigen in Absinthe. Either way, the sensuality of a vampire is appearant. Some vampires notice a change in muscle movement. It is more direct, smooth, rapid, and efficient. Most vampires of this variety notice a slowed aging process. Depending on the strain of the virus, all of these changes are present to differing degrees. I have not met any one older than mid-sixties, so longevity is debatable. The one in her mid-sixties I met looked like a sickly mid twenties. Her lack of signs of aging was remarkable, but it remains to be seen how long these vampires live. The oldest one I've heard of anyone actually meeting was in his nineties. He is rumored to have looked not a day over 60.

Immortal Vampires :

What can be said? They are elusive. I've heard rumors as to their existance, but despite intense research, I have not found any real proof. One person I know claims to have spoken with one, but I cannot verify his account. The theory I am going on is that immortals are possibly an extremely powerful strain of the "viral" variety. The characteristics are almost identical, with the exception of intensity. Again, this is a virtually unexplored topic because of the lack of evidence.

Really Strange Twist in My Research

I really shouldn't talk about this, but then I realize I'm an Aries and I thrive on the adrenaline I get from doing things I shouldn't.


They say that if you search hard enough for something it will find you. This past spring, I met this really wierd woman at a coffeehouse that I hang out at. Now, keep in mind that if I call someone wierd, that's saying something... Well, she asked me if I was a vampire. I said no, and that the fangs were just caps I had made. She dropped the subject. A few months later, this past september (1995), I brought her to my college to see the world wide web. At dinner in the school's cafeteria, she mentioned to a friend of mine that she was an immortal vampire. I rolled my eyes. She didn't offer proof, but instead offered to change my friend. Well, to make a long story short, he called me a few days later and showed me the changes. Now, I've practiced different forms of magick for about 5 years, and I'd never seen such a major change in a person's aura and abilities so fast. He simply wasn't himself. He felt more complete, more powerful, and his psychic shielding was incredible. He gave me what details he could, but it wasn't enough. I went to this woman's house and got the rest of the details from her. She described a ritual to me. The would-be vampire would spiritually marry her (read: psychic bonding), die, and be reborn. I have been asked to keep the precise method of death secret, but I can say that no normal human can either kill or die literally from this action. That was plainly obvious. After the rebirth, she injects the fledgling with a purified form of her blood, which she likened to embalming. I figured there was no harm in trying the ritual, and if nothing happened, I could make an excuse not to take the injection. (The reason for the injection was the same as drinking the blood of a vampire, but more reliable.) So, on September 24, 1995, I went through with the ritual.

I've heard of strange things happening in rituals, but this has to take the cake. I died. Literally. I stopped breathing, felt my heart stop and left my body. I later realized (has this happened in any other NDE's?) that I departed to the North. I felt like I entered a tunnel and flew through it. I reached the "other side" (no bright light, but I did get the feeling of absolute peace). Before I could get my bearing, I was pulled gently, but forcefully back to my body. I hovered just outside it for a few seconds, looking over my own right shoulder before popping back in. I heard her tell me to breathe, and I did. After dying, I had no problem with the injection. Not much can make a dead person nervous.

The effects I expirienced were as follows: I went through all the changes I described about the viral vampires, my hair got a slight curl, and my eyes "changed." I can't really describe it, but a few people have noticed a difference. My magickal abilities have gotten stronger and my third eye (astral sight) has improved. The lust for blood is just that: lust. I felt like an adolescent looking at a porno-magazine.

Feeding is as follows: I take vitamin B12 daily, in huge doses, and use various substitutes, including chocolate, fruit juices, etc. When I feed off humans, it seems I grow "astral" fangs. I can feel them latch onto the victim's skin, but other than that, there is no sign of fangs at all. Once I am locked on, I suck. I get a slightly viscous liquid entering my mouth, but it is not whole blood, nor is it saliva. I swollow, and that's it. I let go when I've had enough. It could be psycho-somatic neurosis, but I have no way of telling for sure. It seems I get a part of blood, perhaps through osmosis. I'm not sure.

I'm not sure of anything really, except that as I said in a post to Vampires-l, pomegranates act like speed to me.

I do not regret my change, but I would like to know what is happening in scientific terms. Any serious researchers out there have a clue?



Egyptian Vampyre Legend
The Goddess Sekhmet - by Robert Masters

The following myth deals with the goddess Sekhmet and is found on the walls of the tomb of Seti. This myth has several different versions, the one presented here comes from "The Goddess Sekhmet, Psycho-Spiritual Exercises of the Fifth Way" by Robert Masters, published by LLewellyn Publishing copyright 1991.

The Myth of the Destruction of Mankind

There was a time in ancient Egypt where humans entered into a conspiracy to overthrow the Gods. They blasphemed against Ra, king of Gods and men, and heretical riests and magicians plotted ways to turn against the Gods for their destruction, using those very powers the Gods had given to men that they might flourish and grow great upon the earth.

Ra, hearing of this plan, called to meet with him the most ancient and potent Deities, those who had been with him in the primeval waters before the time when with his eye, the sun, he had made life. The Gods counseled together and it was decided that Sekhmet, the force against which no other force avails, should manifest on the eath and quell the rebellion. Sekhmet would manifest and punish all those who had held in their minds evil images and imagined wicked plots.

Then Sekhmet walked among men and destroyed them and drank their blood. Night after night Sekhmet waded in blood, slaughtering humans, tearing and rending their bodies, and drinking their blood. the other Gods decided that the slaughter was enough and should stop, but they could find no way to stop Sekhmet, who was drunk on human blood.


As the carnage went on, the Gods recognized that Sekhmet, Her rage sustained by intoxication, would implacably proceed with the killing until the last human life had been extinguished. Then Ra had brought to him from Elephantine certain plants which have been said to be the Solanaceae family and which can be brewed as powerful mind-altering drugs. Those plants, and possibly also opium or hemp, were sent to the God Sekti at Heliopolis. Sekti added these drugs to a mixture of beer and also human blood, until seven thousand great jugs of the substance had been made. The jars were taken to a place where Sekhmet would pass and there were poured out onto the ground, inundating the fields for a great distance. And when Sekhmet came to these fields and perceived what She thought to be blood, She rejoiced and drank all of the liquid. Then "Her heart was filled with joy," Her mind was changed, and She thought no more of destroying mankind.

After that, Ra addressed Sekhmet as the One Who Comes in Peace, praising the beauty and charm of the Goddess.


More Vampiric Information
from various sources on the web

x - Who was Dracula. Really?
x - Vampires and Noah's Ark
x - Types of Vampires

Vlad Tepes

Who is Dracula?

Vlad Tepes (which Kalogridis spells phonetically in English as Tsepesh) was born in the town of Sighisoara in Transylvania (no known as northern Romania) in 1431 and later came to rule that area of southern Romania known as Wallachia. The word 'tepes' in Romanian means 'impaler' -- and Vlad was so-named because of his penchant for impalement as a means of punishing his enemies. Impalement was a particularly gruesome form of execution, wherein the victim was impaled between the legs --to put it politely-- upon a large, sharpened stake the width of a burly man's arm. Vlad especially enjoyed mass executions, where several victims were impaled at once, and their stakes hoisted upright. As they hung suspended above the ground, the weight of their bodies would slowly drag them downwards, causing the sharpened end of the stake to pierce their internal organs. In order to better enjoy these mass spectacles, Vlad routinely ordered a banquet table set up in front of his victims, and would enjoy a leisurely supper amid the pitiful sights and sounds of the dying.

In addition to his title of 'Impaler,' Vlad was also known as 'Dracula,' which means 'son of the Dragon.' Originally, this title came about because his father (also named Vlad) belonged to the Order of the Dragon, an order formed by the Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund for the purpose of defeating the Turks. The elder Vlad used the dragon symbol on his coins and went by the name 'Dracul' (dragon or devil). Hence the diminutive '-a' on his son's name, Dracula. As the younger Vlad's talent for torture became known, however, the name Dracula came to be interpreted more and more as the sinister 'son of the devil.'

At the same time that Vlad became notorious for his sadism, he was also respected by his subjects because of his fierce campaigns against the Turks. He was respected as a warrior and stern ruler (no kidding !) who tolerated no crime against his people, and during his reign erected several monasteries. However, despite Vlad's political ambition, the turbulent political atmosphere of the times took its toll on his reign. He was overthrown twice (he ruled for a breif period in 1448, again from 1456-1462, and for only a matter of weeks in the year of his death, 1476) Ultimately, Dracula died violently (according to rumor, at the hands of one of his men who was actually a Turkish spy.) He was buried at one of the monasteries he patronized, on the island of Snagov.

Contrary to popular belief, Dracula's castle does not exist in Transylvania; the crumbling ruins still stand in the northern Wallachian town of Tirgoviste.

Whimsical Cruelty?

Dracula's exploits form a rough cycle of about twelve incidents--incidents which for preposterous and whimsical cruelty challenge comparison with the outrages of young Caligula--and in the oldest manuscripts they are presented in the following order:

1) The Turkish ambassadors sent to Dracula's court in Wallachia failed to remove their fezzes in his presence. To Dracula's question about this impropriety, the emissaries replied that such was their custom. The witty governor had their fexxes nailed to their heads in order to 'fix them in this observance'.

2) Dracula offered to join forces with the Turkish sultan upon the condition that his army be granted immunity from attack. The sultan accepted. After marching his army five days into Turkish territory, Dracula wheeled his host towards home. On the return march his men ravaged the countryside and killed, impaled, or tortured all the lands inhabitants.

3) All offenders against Dracula's laws were put to death, whatever their offense. In his domian was a spring of cool, sweet water by which he placed a golden drinking cup. No one ever dared steal this, so great was the fear he aroused.

4) Once Dracula had the aged, sick and poor of his domain summoned. He invited his guests into a large, specially made apartment and there fed then and gave them wine. He then asked the assembled unfortunates if they wished to be freed from all earthly care. They answered that they did; whereupon Dracula burned the building down upon them.

5) Two catholic monks from Hungary visited Dracula in order to beg alms. Dracula took each separately, showed him the numerous wretches impaled upon the stakes in his courtyard and asked him whether he had acted rightly. The first monk said no;the second monk said that a ruler was appointed by god to execute the wicked and reward the righteous. Dracula had the first monk impaled; the second monk he gave fifty gold ducats and dismissed with honor.

6) A merchant who had 160 gold ducats stolen from a cart appealed to Dracula for justice. Dracula had a similar quantity of gold, with the addition of one additional ducat, replaceed in the cart. The merchant reported to Dracula the restoration of his money as well as the presence of the additional ducat, at the very moment the captured theif was broughtin. Dracula let the merchant go, telling him that had he not reported the extra ducat, he would have impaled him along with the thief.

7) Dracula was particularly cruel to lazy and unchaste women, as exemplified by this story. Once he met a poor peasant wearing a torn shirt. The peasant was asked if he had a wife, and next if he had flax. When he replied affirmitively, Dracula had the hands of the lazy wife cut off and then ordered her to be impaled.

8) A peasant attending Dracula while he dined among the corpses of his courtyard held his nose against the stench. Dracula had him impaled to elevate him above such annoying odors.

9) Dracula continually sets traps in the form of subtle questions for foreign envoys. If they failed to elede these, he impaled them, saying that he was not responsible for the punishmentm but their master who chose unsuitable emissaries.

10) Dracula had workmen make him iron casks which he filled with gold and lowered into a river. Afterward he had the workmen killed so that his secret would not be known.

11) King Matthias of hungary defeated Dracula and imprisoned him at Vyshegrad on the Danube for twelve years. Even in prison Dracula managed to act with customary cruelty. He caught mice and impaled them, bought birds and plucked them alive.

12) In return for embracing catholitism, the king freed Dracula and restored him to his former eminence. Ten years later, after defeating the Turks in a battle, Dracula rode to the top of a hill in order to survey his vioctory and was mistakenly killed by one of his own men in the failing light.

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Vampires: Origins in Science

The bible story of the Great Flood, commonly called the story of Noah's Ark, could have a common origin with the legends of Vampires. According to the bible's version of the flood, the sky was overcast prior to it. Afterwards, the constant cloud cover lifted and there was the first rainbow.


Given that Vampires avoid daylight, plus that they are supposedly immortal, they could be the 'survivors' of whatever natural occurance gave rise to the Flood legend. The people in the 'Ark' could have been people with some type of unrecorded knowledge about the sun's unfiltered radiation would affect human beings who had not previously known its caress. The fourty days and fourty nights could have been some type of period of adjustment to the new world outside the Ark. Possibly, it could have been fourty summers and fourty winters and the offspring of the Ark people could have been those who, born after the flood were able to withstand the solar radiation unfiltered. These people, the foreparents of the human race as we know it, could have emerged from the Ark and begun to encounter the 'survivors' of the flood who would have had all the qualifications of being Vampires. The recorded life span of the preflood people was centuries, while that of the post-flood people began to decline dramatically. The pre-flood people, the Vampires, who had holed up in caves or castles since the Flood, would have continued to have lenghthy lifespans as long as they stayed out of the daylight.

Further, since solar radiation penetrates many otherwise opaque substances, the element ot heavy coffins to protect the Vampires as much as possible during the day might be explained as well. The post-flood people would have soon outnumbered the long lived Vampires for a variety of reasons that do not need to be discussed too much as they are all obvious.

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Types of Vampires

Throughout the years there has been other types of vampires, with their own weak and strong sides. Here are some of the best known 'Races' of vampires :

ASANBOSAM: Asanbosam are african vampires. They are normal vampires except that they have hooks instead of feet. They tend to bite thier victims on the thumb.

BAITAL: Baital is an Indian vampire race, theier natural form is half man, half bat, standing roughly one and a half meter tall.

BAOBHAN SITH: The Baobhan Sith (buh-van she) is an evil Scottish fairie, who appears as a beautiful young woman and will dance with men they find, until the men are exhausted, and then feed upon them. It can be killed by cold iron.

CH'IANG SHIH: In China there are vampirelike creatures called Ch'Iang Shih, they are created by having a cat jumping over the corpse of a dead person. they appear livid and may kill with poisonous breath in addition to draining blood. If a Ch'Iang Shih encounters a pile of rice, it must count the grains before it can pass on. Their immaterial form is a sphere of light, much like a Will-O-the-Wisp.

DEARG-DUE: In Ireland many druids speak of Dearg-Dues which has to be killed by building a cairn of stones upon the grave. The Dearg-Dues can't shapechange.

EKIMINU: Ekiminus are assyiran malignant spirits(half ghost, half vampire) caused by no proper burial. They are naturally invisible and are capable of possessing humans. They can be destroyed by using wooden weapons or by exorcism.

KATHAKANO: The crete vampire Kathakano is much like the originals, but can only be killed by chopping off the head and boiling it in vinegar.

KRVOPIJAC: These are Bulgarian vampires and are also known as Obours. They look like normal vampires but have only one nostril and a pointed tongue. They can be immobilized by placing roses around their graves. It can be destroyed by letting a magician order it into a bottle, and throwing it into a bonfire.

LAMIA: Lamias was known in ancient Rome and Greece. They were exclusively female vampires, which often appeared in half human, half animal (most often a snake and always the lower part) form. They ate the flesh of their victims as well as drinking the blood. Lamias could be attacked and killed with normal weapons.

NOSFERATU: Nosferatu is another name for the original vampire, which is also called vampyre.

RAKSHASA: Rakshasa is a powerful Indian vampire and magician. They usually appear as humas with animal features (claws, fangs, slitted eyes, etc) or as animals with human features (feet, hands, flattened nose, etc). The animal side is very often a tiger. They eat the victims flesh in addition to drinking the blood. Rakshasas may be destroyed by burning, sunlight or exorcism.

STRIGOIUL: This is the Romanian vampire. Strigoiuls are much like original vampires, but they like to attack in flocks. They can be killed by putting garlic in it's mouth or by removing its heart.

SUCCUBUS: This is a lesser known European vampirace. The general way they feed is by having sexual relations with the victim, exhausting them, and then feeding on the energy released during sex. They may enter homes uninvited and can take the appearance of other persons. They will often visit the same victim more then once. The victim of a Succubus will experience the visits as dreams. The male version of a Succubus is as Incubus.

VLOKOSLAK: Serbian vampires are also called Mulos. They normally appear as people wearing white clothes. They are active both day and night, and can assume the shape of horses and sheep. They eat thier victims as well as drink thier blood. They can be killed by cutting off of their toes or by driving a nail through the neck.

UPIERCZI: These vampires have origins in Poland and Russia and are also called Viesczy. They have a stinger under thier tongue instead of fangs. They are active from noon to midnight and can only be destroyed by burning. When burned, the body will burst, giving rise to hundreds of small disgusting animals (maggots, rats, etc.)If any of these creatures escape then the Upierczi's spirit will escape too, and will seek revenge.